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  • New Brunswick is one of the four Atlantic Provinces in Canada.
    • North: Quebec's Gaspé Peninsula
    • West: State of Maine
    • It is the third smallest province.
    • The province is named for the British royal family of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
    • It is called the “Loyalist Province”.
    • New Brunswick is Canada's only officially bilingual province.
    • New Brunswick consists of a mainland and many islands.
    • Fredericton is the capital city.
    • Saint John is the largest city.
    • Symbols:
      • Flower - Purple Violet
      • Tree - Balsam Fir
      • Bird - Black-capped Chickadee
      • Motto - "Hope was restored."
  • The population of New Brunswick was 729,997 in 2006.
  • The population of New Brunswick was 753,200 in 2011.
  • The oldest city is Saint John.
  • Moncton is the largest city. (February 2011)
  • Fredericton, the provincial capital is the third largest city.
  • Many people are of French, British, Scottish and Irish origin.
  • Over 32% of the population speaks French.
  • Other groups include native people, Germans, Dutch, Scandinavians, Italians and Asians.

  • The northern half of the province has cold winters and warm summers.
  • Areas near the sea have milder winters and slightly cooler summers.
  • Moist air from the Atlantic Ocean produces mild weather in the winter and cool summers.
  • Winter storms bring rain to the Bay of Fundy coast and snow to the interior.
  • It is often foggy in the spring and early summer along the Bay of Fundy.

  • The first people to live in N.B. include the Micmac and Malecite.
  • The Micmac and Malecite hunted and fished and were guides for the French explorers.
  • The French mariner Jacques Cartier visited the east coast in 1534.
  • In 1604, Samuel de Champlain and the French established the first settlement.
  • The French called the east coast area Acadia.
  • By 1608, French settlers called Acadians were farming around the Bay of Fundy.
  • Acadia became an English colony in 1713.
  • Some of the people would not swear loyalty to England. Their homes were burned and they were sent away. Some went to Louisiana in the United States.
  • American settlers founded the city of Saint John (oldest city in Canada).
  • In 1784 the north section of the colony became the new colony of New Brunswick.
  • The lumbering industry grew. Shipbuilding was a big industry.
  • The ships carried masts and other wood products around the world.
  • Thousands came from Ireland after 1846 to work in the lumber industry or to farm.
  • On July 1, 1867 New Brunswick became one of the first four provinces of Canada.

  • More than half of the province is surrounded by water.
  • East: The east coast faces the Gulf of St. Lawrence and Northumberland Strait.
  • South: The Bay of Fundy is along the south coast.
  • Many bays and inlets along the coasts provide safe harbors for boats.
  • There are many rivers in the province.
  • The longest river is the Saint John River (670 km. long).
  • The Bay of Fundy between N.B. and Nova Scotia has the world's highest tides (over 15 meters high).
  • Forests (mainly black spruce and fir) cover about 85% of N.B.
  • The Appalachian Mountains run along the western edge of the province.

  • Mining: New Brunswick is the main producer of lead, zinc, copper and bismuth in Canada.
    • Gypsum, potash, antimony, silver, gold, natural gas and oil are also mined.
    • Fishing: There are fishing ports where more than fifty kinds of fish and shellfish are caught, including:
      • Scallops, shrimp, herring, lobsters, snow crabs, mussels, and oysters.
      • Lobster is the most valuable catch.
      • Crab is second.
      • Aquaculture farms harvest salmon, trout, arctic char, oysters and mussels.
      • Timber: The main industry of New Brunswick is forestry.
        • Paper, newspaper, magazines, tissue, wooden doors and windows are made.
        • Farming: There are livestock, dairy, poultry, potato and berry farms.
          • The main crop is potatoes.
          • The Saint John River Valley is called the "Potato Belt."
          • Apples, blueberries, strawberries, and cranberries are also grown.
          • Fiddleheads, sprouts of the ostrich fern, are gathered in early spring for eating.

  • "Stompin’ Tom" Conners, a well-known folksinger, was born in St. John in 1936
  • R. Foulis invented the first steam foghorn (1860).
  • Romeo LeBlanc was the first Acadian to become a Governor-General of Canada.
  • Roch Voisine, songwriter and singer, won a Juno Award in 1993
  • Bliss Carmen (1861-1929) was one of Canada's best-known poets.
  • Sir Charles G.D. Roberts (1860-1943) was known as the Father of Canadian Poetry.
  • Donald Sutherland (1934- ) is a famous Hollywood actor.
  • The McCain Brothers established McCain Foods in 1957. The company is the largest producer of French Fries and other frozen food in the world.

  • Hartland Bridge is the world's longest covered bridge.
  • Sixty-two covered bridges remain in the province.
  • Confederation Bridge is the longest bridge in the world crossing ice-covered water. It is 18 miles long and connects New Brunswick to Prince Edward Island.
  • Magnetic Hill in Moncton is a type of optical illusion.
  • At Reversing Falls on St. John River, the water rushes uphill against the normal flow of the falls.
  • Bay of Fundy is the place for whale watching (Finbacks, Humpbacks, Pilot whales and the rare Right whale).
  • Rocks Provincial Park (Bay of Fundy) has strange-shaped rocks called Flowerpot Rocks rising out of the sea
  • There are more than 48 lighthouses, including those inland on the rivers.

[1] http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/canada/facts/nb.html