external image yukon.gif "Larger Than Life" YukonCoatOfArms.jpg



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North Klondike River Valley, Yukon, Canada

Photo Source: http://wallpapers.mi9.com/wallpaper/north-klondike-river-valley-tombstone-territorial-park-yukon-canada_78347/


Symbols & Emblems

Yukon Fireweed.png Fireweed Yukon Raven.png Raven Yukon Sub-Alpine Fir.png Sub-Alpine Fir


YUKON FACTS**[1]**
  • The Yukon is the smallest of the three territories in Canada
  • Located in the northwest Canada
    • East: Northwest Territories
    • South: British Columbia
    • North: Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean)
    • West: Alaska, USA
  • Capital city is Whitehorse
  • Symbols:
    • Flower – Fireweed
    • Bird - Common Raven
    • Tree - Sub-Alpine Fir
  • Name: "Yukon" is from the native word "Yu-kun-ah" meaning "great river".

HISTORY
  • In 1870, the Government of Canada acquired the territory from the Hudson's Bay Company.
  • The entire area became known as the Northwest Territories.
  • In 1895, boundaries were drawn and Yukon became a district of the Northwest Territories.
  • Klondike Gold Rush in 1897-1898 brought many people.
  • Thousands of prospectors formed a "tent city" called Dawson.
  • In 1898, the area became Canada's second territory.
  • Dawson was the capital city until 1953.
  • By 1899, the gold was almost gone so people left.
  • Building of the Alaska Highway in 1942 brought hundreds of workers.
  • The highway (1,520 miles or 2,446 km) was constructed in eight months and twelve days.
  • Whitehorse replaced Dawson as the capital in 1953.
  • Canadian government opened the Dempster Highway in 1979.
  • It is an all-weather road that crosses the Arctic Circle.


CLIMATE
  • Arctic climate in the far north and the mountainous areas
  • Subarctic climate in the rest of the territory
  • Summer temperatures reach 25º C or more
  • Winter temperatures range from +4º C to as low as -51º C
  • Short summers and the days are long in the area above the Arctic Circle
  • Short frost-free season
  • Light precipitation, averaging only 250 mm annually at Whitehorse
  • Above the Arctic Circle, Yukon is known as "the land of the midnight sun".
  • For three months in the summer sunlight is almost continuous.
  • In the winter, there is darkness for three months.

LAND AND WATER
  • There are many rivers, lakes and streams.
  • The main rivers are the Klondike, Peel, Pelly, Stewart, Porcupine and Yukon.
  • Yukon River is 3,700 km (2,300 miles) long, making it Canada's second longest river.
  • The northern region is "tundra" : rocky, moss, tough grasses, small willow shrubs
  • Farther south there are forests.
  • Kluane National Park in the southwest corner contains large ice fields and high mountains.
  • Mount Logan in Kluane National Park is the highest mountain in Canada (nearly 6000 m.).
  • The volcanoes in the Yukon are part of the Pacific Ring of Fire.
  • Three of Canada's national parks are in the Yukon.


INDUSTRY and RESOURCES
  • Mining: More than 30% of the economy comes from mining gold, zinc and lead.
    • There are large undeveloped deposits of zinc/lead, silver, iron ore, copper, nickel and coal.
  • Tourism: the second largest industry, provides jobs for many people.
    • People come to hike, raft, camp, rock climb, fish, see the wildlife and to hunt.
    • Hunting: Beaver, lynx, wolf, wolverine, muskrat, marten, mink, otter, weasel and fox are trapped and the furs are sold.


TRANSPORTATION
  • The Alaska Highway goes through the Yukon.
  • The Klondike Highway connects Whitehorse and Dawson and goes to mining communities.
  • The Robert Campbell Highway connects to the Alaska Highway and the Klondike Highway.
  • The Dempster Highway extends from Dawson to Inuvik NWT.
  • Several trucking companies operate in Yukon.
  • Greyhound Canada provides bus service along the Alaska Highway.
  • There are several airports.


PEOPLE
  • Audrey McLaughlin: Member of Parliament for the Yukon and the first woman to lead a national party.
  • Robert W. Service (1874-1958)L "The poet of the Yukon". He wrote poems about life during the Klondike Gold Rush.
  • Ted Harrison: English artist, painted landscapes of the Yukon.

PLACES
  • Watson Lake (near the southern border) is the site of Signpost Forest.
  • There are over 30,000 signs from cities and towns around the world.
  • Dawson City has several historic sites.
  • Yukon Quest is known as the toughest sled dog race in the world. The race runs more than a thousand miles between Fairbanks, Alaska and Whitehorse, Yukon.

[1] http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/canada/facts/yt.html



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