external image saskatchewan.gif "From Many People, Strength" SKW Coat of Arms.png


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Symbols & Emblems

SKW Western Red Lily.png Western Red LilySKW Sharp Tailed Grouse.pngSharp Winged Grouse SKW White Tailed Deer.png White Tailed Deer SKW White Birch.png White Birch

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Saskatchewan Prairie

Photo Source: http://travel-image.org/2011-saskatchewan-canada-pictures.html


SASKATCHEWAN FACTS[1]
  • Located in the Central Prairie region of Canada
    • West: Alberta
    • East: Manitoba
    • South: United States
    • North: Northwest Territories
  • Capital City: Regina is often called "The Queen City".
    • Regina is the home of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (Mounties) Training Academy
  • Symbols:
    • Flower - Western Red Lily
    • Tree - White Birch
    • Bird - Sharp-Tailed Grouse
    • Motto: "From many peoples strength"
    • Name: "Saskatchewan" comes from the Cree word "Kisiskatchewani Sipi" meaning "Swift Flowing River"; refers to the Saskatchewan River.

LAND AND WATER
  • One half of the province is forest
  • One third of the province is farmland
  • There are over 100,000 lakes, rivers, streams
  • Northern Saskatchewan: forests, marshes, lakes, rivers
    • There are sand dunes 30 m. high at Athabasca Provincial Park in northwest Saskatchewan
    • Southern Saskatchewan: mainly flat prairie with some rolling hills and valleys
      • "Great Sand Hills" are located in southwest Saskatchewan
      • Main Rivers: Assiniboine, North and South Saskatchewan and Churchill Rivers


THE PEOPLE
  • First People:
    • North: Chipewyan
    • East: Assiniboine
    • West: Blackfoot and the Cree
  • The first settlers were called “Métis” and were of mixed European and Native American descent.
  • Majority of Saskatchewanians: British, German, Austrian, Ukrainians, Scandinavians and French
  • 2011 Population: 1,063,535
  • Largest Cities: Regina and Saskatoon
    • 2011 Regina Population: 193,100
    • 2011 Saskatoon Population: 222,189


HISTORY
  • The earliest explorer was Henry Kelsey in 1690.
  • Samuel Hearne built trading posts for the Hudson's Bay Company.
  • English/French trappers and fur traders arrived.
  • Forts were built to maintain law and order.
  • In 1874, Northwest Mounted Police arrived to establish law and order.
  • Settlers were encouraged to come and homestead.
  • The railroad was built across the southern part of the province in 1882 -1883.
  • Settlers came from eastern Canada, British Isles, the United States and Europe.
  • Immigrants arrived in large groups and settled in different regions.
  • Settlers included Barr colonists from England, Doukhobors from Russia, Hutterites, Mennonites, Hungarians, Ukrainians, French, Germans and Scandinavians.
  • Saskatchewan became a province in 1905 with Regina as the capital.


CLIMATE
  • Long, cold winters
  • Hot, dry summers
  • Polar air masses bring winter storms with wind chills and blowing snow
  • The province is windy in both winter and summer.


ECONOMY & INDUSTRIES
  • Agriculture:
    • Wheat: more than 54% of Canada's wheat crop is grown here.
    • Grains and Beans: canola, rye, oats, barley, flaxseeds, wheat, lentils
    • Animals: Hogs, cattle, chickens and turkeys
    • Timber: forestry in northern Saskatchewan
    • Mining: potash, uranium, coal
      • Leading exporter of potash (fertilizer)
      • World leader in the production of uranium
    • Energy: oil and natural gas
      • Canada's second largest producer of oil (after Alberta)
      • Third largest producer of natural gas in Canada
PEOPLE
  • W.O. MITCHELL, Author, born in Weyburn, wrote about prairie life in his book "Who Has Seen the Wind".
  • JEANNE SAUVE, First woman Governor General of Canada; born in Prud'homme
  • GORDIE HOWE, Hockey player; one of the greatest hockey players of all time in the National Hockey League was born in Floral, Saskatchewan.
  • ALLAN SAPP, World-renowned Plains-Cree artist, born on the Red Pheasant Reserve.
  • BRENT BUTT, Actor, created and starred in "Corner Gas" a comedy series on TV was born in Tisdale.
  • BUFFY SAINTE-MARIE, Singer/songwriter, was born on the Piapot Reserve in the Qu'Appelle Valley

PLACES
  • Tunnels of Moose Jaw: underground passageways used by the Chinese, gangsters and bootleggers
  • Big Muddy Badlands: unusual land formations and petroglyphs
  • Wanuskewin Heritage Park: archaeological digs of the Northern Plains Indians
  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police Heritage Centre and Training Academy in Regina
  • Grasslands National Park: Original short grass prairie. Home to pronghorn sheep, rattlesnakes, endangered black-tailed prairie dogs,
    burrowing owls and peregrine falcons
  • Prince Albert National Park: Only protected white pelican nesting colony in Canada; cabin of Grey Owl; herds of plains bison



[1] http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/canada/facts/sk.html


Fast Facts

Statistics
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