external image quebec.gif "Je Me Souviens/I Remember" Quebec Coat of Arms.png


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Quebec Map 1.png
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Quebec Symbol Blue Iris.pngBlue Iris Quebec Snowy Owl 2.png Snowy OwlQuebec Yellow Birch.pngYellow Birch


Symbols and Emblems

QUEBEC FACTS [1]
  • Quebec is the largest province in Canada.
  • Located in eastern Canada
  • Capital city is Québec City
  • Largest city is Montreal
  • A French-speaking province
  • Symbols:
    • Flower - the Blue Iris
    • Tree - Yellow Birch
    • Bird - Snowy Owl
  • "Québec" came from the Algonquin word "Kepék", meaning "The place where the river narrows."
  • Nicknamed "La Belle Province" because of the diverse landscape and architecture
  • Motto: "Je me souviens" which is French for "I remember".

THE PEOPLE
  • Population: 7.9 million in 2010
  • Ethnic groups include French, Irish, Italian, English, Aboriginal, Scottish and German.
  • Main languages spoken: French 80%, English 7.8%, Italian 1.7%, Spanish 1.5%, Arabic 1.5%, (2006 census)
  • Home to over 108,430 aboriginal people: Mohawk, Wendat (Huron), Cree, Algonquin, Innu (Montagnais), Micmac, Attikameks, Inuit and Métis (2006 census)
  • People came from France, Britain, Southern Europe, East and Southeast Asia.
  • The largest city is Montreal (population of the metropolitan area is over 3.7 million).
  • Most cities and towns are along the St. Lawrence River.
  • Nearly 80% of Québécois live near the shores of the Saint Lawrence River.

HISTORY
  • First People: The Cree, Innu, Atikamekw, Algonquin, Abenaki, Malecite, Micmac and Inuit Nations.
  • The Iroquois lived in villages along the St. Lawrence River. They grew squash, beans and maize.
  • Montagnais Nation (Innu) were hunters and gatherers who lived in birch bark covered wigwams.
  • Inuit of the North hunted seals, whales and polar bears.
  • Explorer Jacques Cartier arrived in 1534 and claimed the land for France.
  • Samuel de Champlain set up a colony called New France in 1608.
  • Farmers called "habitants" settled there.
  • British and French fought the Seven Years' War.
  • The war ended when Québec City was captured by the British in 1759.
  • British loyalists arrived from the U.S. in 1781 and settled farther west up the river.
  • The area was divided into Upper Canada (English speaking) and Lower Canada (mainly French speaking) in 1791.
  • The Act of Union in 1840 united Upper and Lower Canada and established the Province of Canada.
  • In 1867, the Province of Canada was divided into Ontario and Quebec.
  • Québec became one of the four original provinces of the Dominion of Canada, along with Ontario, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in 1867.


WATER AND LAND
  • The land is divided into three regions:
    • Canadian Shield
    • St. Lawrence Lowlands
    • Appalachian Region
    • About 90 % of Québec is in the Canadian Shield Region.
    • The Shield is rocky, with forests, lakes and rivers.
    • Forests cover over half of Québec.
    • The Lowlands are along the St. Lawrence River.
    • This is the agricultural region and where most of the people live.
    • The St. Lawrence River (over 1200 km. long) links Québec to the Atlantic Ocean.
    • Ships sail inland on the St. Lawrence River.
    • The Appalachian Region in the southeastern area of the province consists of weathered mountains.
    • Québec has more fresh water than any other province.
    • There are more than one million lakes and thousands of waterways.


RESOURCES / INDUSTRY
  • Mining: Gold, copper, iron ore, silver, zinc, nickel and asbestos are mined in Quebec.
  • Energy: Hydroelectric power is produced and exported to the U.S.
  • One of the largest hydroelectric plants in the world is near James Bay.
  • Paper: Québec produces more than a third of Canada's pulp and paper products (paper, newsprint, boxes, tissue and cardboard)
  • Timber: Lumber is used to make furniture and to build homes.
    • The province is Canada's main producer of maple syrup.
  • Agriculture: The main farming area is the St. Lawrence Lowlands.
    • The dairy industry is the largest in Canada
    • Raising hogs, cattle and poultry and growing hay, corn and oats to feed the animals are important agricultural activities.
    • All kinds of fruits and vegetables are grown in southern Québec.
  • Manufacturing: aerospace industry, aircraft and commuter trains, computer and electronic products and pharmaceuticals.


CLIMATE
  • Northern Québec: arctic climate, very cold winters, permafrost
  • The Shield and Lowlands: subarctic climate, long cold winters, short warm summers
  • Southern Québec: humid; cold snowy winters; hot muggy summers


EVENTS
  • The Winter Carnival is held in Québec City in February.
  • Activities include winter sports, dances, ice sculptures, dog sled races,
    parades and concerts. "Bonhomme" is the snowman mascot.

PLACES
  • Bonaventure Island Bird Sanctuary: largest colony of gannets in the world.
  • Québec City: the only walled city north of Mexico, has many historic buildings.
  • Old Montreal: cobblestone streets and historic 17th and 18th century architecture.
  • The Québec Citadel: a large fortification built in the 19th century to protect the city.
  • Religious Shrines: Saint Joseph's Oratory in Montreal and Ste-Anne-de-Beaupré Basilica attract millions of pilgrims.


PEOPLE
  • Celine Dion – Singer, has records in English and French, has recorded movie soundtracks
  • Oscar Peterson (1925-2007) - Jazz Pianist
  • William Shatner - Actor (Captain Kirk of Star Trek series)
  • J.A. Bombardier (1907-1961) inventor of the snowmobile, produced the Ski-Doo in 1959
  • Myriam Bédard - Winner of two Olympic Gold medals (biathlon)
  • Gaétan Boucher – Winner of four Olympic Gold medals (speed skating)
  • Marc Gagnon - Four time World champion, winner of three Olympic Gold medals (speed skating)
  • Gilles and Jacques Villeneuve - Race Car Drivers
  • Marc Garneau and Julie Payette - Canadian Astronauts

  • Canadian Prime Ministers from Québec: Jean Chrétien, Brian Mulroney, Pierre Trudeau, Louis S. St-Laurent, Sir Wilfred Laurier and Sir John Abbot

  • Famous hockey players from Québec: Henri and Maurice "ROCKET" Richard, Jean Béliveau, Guy LaFleur, Patrick Roy, Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Mario Lemieux.




[1] http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/canada/facts/qc.html