Ontario Flag.png "Loyal She Began, Thus She Remains" Ontario Coat of Arms.png



Canada Map 1.png Ontario Map 1.png
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Ontario White Trillium.png White TrilliumOntario Great Northern Loon.pngGreat Northern Loon Ontario Eastern White Pine.pngEastern White Pine

Symbols and Emblems



ONTARIO FACTS

  • The province of Ontario is located in Eastern Canada.
  • It is the second largest province. Only Quebec is larger.
  • Quebec is east, Manitoba is west, Great Lakes are south, Hudson Bay and James Bay are north.
  • Ontario's capital city is Toronto. Toronto has a large financial district and the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSE).
  • Ottawa, the capital of Canada, is in southeastern Ontario.
  • Some other cities are Hamilton, Oshawa, London, Thunder Bay and Windsor.
  • Symbols:
    • Flower - White Trillium
    • Tree - Eastern White Pine
    • Bird – Great Northern Loon
    • In the Iroquois language "Kanadario" means "sparkling water " or "beautiful lake".
    • Ontario's motto is "Loyal she began, loyal she remains".

THE PEOPLE
  • The first people were the Huron, Iroquois, Neutral, Ojibwa, Cree, Ottawa, Nipissin, and Algonquin.
  • More people live in Ontario than in any other province.
  • Ontario is the home of over 13.2 million people. (2010)
  • The southern area of the province has ninety percent of the population.
  • The largest city is Toronto with 5.7 million people in the Greater Toronto Area (2010 estimate).
  • Almost half of the people in Toronto were born in other countries.
  • Many are of Italian, German, Chinese, Greek, Portuguese, Indian, Polish and Caribbean origin.
  • In Toronto there are areas named Korea town, Chinatown, Greek town, Little Jamaica, Little Italy and Portugal Village.
  • In 2006, 47% of Toronto's population had a mother tongue in a language other than English or French. (Chinese, Italian, Punjabi, Tagalog/Pilipino, Portuguese)

HISTORY
  • Two language groups (Algonquian and Iroquoian) lived in the area of what is now Ontario.
  • The Algonquin speakers (Ojibwa, Nipissing, Ottawa, Cree and Algonquin) lived in the northern region. They mainly hunted, fished and gathered food.
  • Those who spoke the Iroquoian language (Huron, Neutral, Petun and Mississauga ) lived in the south.
  • They were farmers who grew corn, beans, squash and other crops.
  • They lived in villages surrounded by tall wooden fences.
  • French explorer named Brule lived with the Hurons in 1610.
  • Samuel de Champlain travelled up the Ottawa River to the Huron country.
  • The French traders wanted furs and the Huron wanted European tools and weapons.
  • Jesuit missionaries arrived in 1639 and set up missions.
  • Forts were built by the French and by the Hudson's Bay Company.
  • Loyalists fled the U.S. in 1781 and settled on the north shore of Lake Ontario.
  • The land was divided into Upper Canada (Ontario) and Lower Canada (Quebec).
  • York (now Toronto) was the capital of Upper Canada.
  • Upper Canada became a battleground in the War of 1812.
  • After 1812 Scots, Irish Catholics and Irish Protestants, Welsh, English, Germans and former American slaves were among those who settled in Upper Canada.
  • In 1867 Ontario became one of the four original provinces of Canada.
  • After Confederation settlements spread and valuable minerals were found in northern Ontario.
  • During the First World War manufacturing grew in Ontario.
  • After the Second World War the automobile industry grew.
WATER AND LAND
  • Water covers about one-sixth of the province.
  • There are 250,000 lakes and numerous rivers and streams.
  • Four of the five Great Lakes are in Ontario. (Superior, Huron, Erie, Ontario).
  • Two long rivers are St. Lawrence River and Ottawa River.
  • Forests cover two-thirds of Ontario.
  • Ontario is divided into three regions:
  • The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands
  • Canadian Shield
  • Hudson Bay Lowlands(Hudson Bay Lowlands and the Shield cover 90 percent of Ontario.)
  • Hudson Bay Lowlands : wetlands and small bushes
  • Shield : rocky, forests, minerals, lakes and rivers
  • Great Lakes-St.Lawrence Lowlands : good soil for farmin
  • Niagara Falls, the most powerful waterfall in North America, is in southern Ontario.
  • In 1959, the St. Lawrence Seaway was opened. The seaway links the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean.
RESOURCES AND INDUSTRY
  • Northern Ontario is rich in forests, minerals and hydroelectric power.
  • Zinc, nickel, platinum, uranium, oil, natural gas, copper, gold, silver and iron ore are mined.
  • Ontario is the main producer of nickel, cobalt, salt and magnesium in Canada.
  • The main industry is manufacturing of automobiles and auto parts.
  • Building materials, wood pulp and paper are the main forestry products.
  • Agriculture includes grain farms; fruit and vegetable farms; poultry, livestock and dairy farms.
  • The province is the leading producer of fruits and vegetables in Canada.
  • There are vineyards and wineries near Lake Erie and Lake Ontario,
  • Several newspapers and magazines are published in Ontario.
  • Toronto is Canada's financial center.

FAMOUS PEOPLE and PLACES
Dr. Roberta Bandar, Astronaut.png Drs. Banting & Best, Insulin.png

Dr. R. Bandar (Astronaut) & Drs. Banting and Best (Discovered Insulin)
  • Dr. Roberta Bandar was Canada's first female astronaut. (1992).
  • Dr. Banting and Dr. Best developed insulin used in treating diabetes. They received the Nobel Prize in 1923.

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James Naismith (Invented Basketball) & Dr. Emily Stowe (First Woman Doctor)

  • J. Naismith invented the game of basketball in 1891. He used peach baskets at first.
  • Emily Stowe (1831-1903) was the first woman doctor in Canada in 1867.


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Wayne Gretsky (Hockey Champion) & Barbara Ann Scott (Figure Skating Olympian)

  • Wayne Gretsky the famous hockey player came from Brantford.
  • Barbara Ann Scott (born in Ottawa) won an Olympic gold medal in figure skating (1948).

Marilyn Bell, Swimmer.png Pauline Johnson, Poet.png

Marilyn Bell (Swimmer of the English Channel) and Pauline Johnson (Native Poet)

  • Marilyn Bell (born in Toronto) was the first to swim Lake Ontario at age 16 in 1954. She was also the youngest to swim the English Channel.
  • Pauline Johnson, known as the "Mohawk Princess", was a native poet. She was born near Brantford.

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  • Karen Kain, a famous ballerina, was born in Hamilton.
  • Dan Aykroyd (born in Ottawa) and Jim Carrey (born in Newmarket) are well-known actors and comedians.

  • Alanis Morissette, singer/songwriter, was born in Ottawa.
  • Jeff Healey (1966-2008), a blind Canadian jazz and blues-rock guitarist and singer, was born in Toronto.
  • Many of Canada’s largest libraries, museums and galleries are located in Ontario:
  • Toranto: National Gallery of Canada (Ottawa) and the Art Gallery of Ontario (Toronto)
  • Ottawa : Canada Science and Technology Museum, Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Canadian War Museum
  • Alexander Graham Bell Homestead (Brantford)
  • Black Creek Pioneer Village (Toronto)
  • Hockey Hall of Fame (Toronto)
  • Canadian Football Hall of Fame (Hamilton)
  • Stratford festival features concerts, musicals and other productions.



[1] http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/canada/facts/on.html