Nunuvit.png "Our Land, Our Strength"Nunavut Coat of Arms.png

Canada Map 1.png Nunavit Map 1.png
Nunavut Map 2.png

Nunavit Seascape.png

Nunavut Purple Saxifrage.pngPurple Saxifrage Nunavit Rock Ptarmigan.png Rock Ptarmigan

Symbols and Emblems


  • Nunavut became Canada's third territory on April 1, 1999.
  • It is the largest territory and makes up one fifth of the Canada's land mass.
  • Nunavut is made up of a mainland and many islands in the Arctic Ocean.
  • Baffin Island and Ellesmere Island are two large islands.
  • There are 28 communities.
  • There are some weather stations and military bases.
  • Nunavut's capital is Iqaluit.
  • Emblems:
  • Flower - Purple Saxifrage
  • Bird - Rock Ptarmigan
  • Mammal: Canadian Inuit Dog
  • Motto – Nunavut (our land), our strength. Nunavut means our land in the Inuit language of Inuktitut.


  • Nunavut is the home to about 33, 200 people.(2010 Statistics Canada)
  • The Inuit are the aboriginal people who make up 85 percent of the population.
  • Inuktitut is the language of the Inuit.
  • Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English and French are the spoken languages.
  • The towns are very small and far apart.
  • On Baffin Island the Inuit still hunt, trap and fish for survival.
  • Groceries are very expensive because everything is flown in or brought in by barge.


  • Most communities also have names in Inuktitut or Inuinnaqtun; such as: Whale Cove (Tikirarjuaq), Clyde River (Kangiqtugaapik), Cape Dorset (Kinngait); Arctic Bay (Ikpiarjuk) IQALUIT (ee-kha-lu-eet)
  • The largest community in Nunavut has a population more than 7250. (2010 estimate)
  • Canada's most northern capital became capital of Nunavut on April 1, 1999.
  • Iqaluit means the place of many fish.
  • Winter activities : dog sledding, snowmobiling, ice-fishing
  • Was an airbase in the 1940s
  • Once called Frobisher Bay
  • located on the mouth of Frobisher Bay, on the southeastern coast of Baffin Island


  • The first people were the Inuit.
  • They lived in small hunting and fishing camps.
  • Fur trading posts were set up in the 1700s.
  • In 1870, the territories belonged to Canada
  • Inuit way of life changed. They forgot their native traditions.
  • The Canadian government urged the Inuit to settle in communities.
  • The land which is now Nunavut was once part of the Northwest Territories.
  • The Inuit requested their own territory with its own government.
  • The territory of Nunavut was created on April 1, 1999.


  • The land and water are frozen most of the year.
  • The Arctic waters are covered with ice floes.
  • Icebergs break off from the glaciers and fall into the sea.
  • The land is covered with sheets of ice, water pools and rivers.
  • In winter you can't tell where the land ends and the sea begins.
  • There are also mountains and tundra.
  • Moss, tough grasses and small willow shrubs grow on the tundra.
  • Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve is Canada's most northern park.
  • The island is a polar desert with very little snowfall.


  • Temperature in Iqaluit in January is -30°C and 15°C in July.
  • In Iqaluit there are nearly 24 hours of daylight per day in June.
  • In December there are 6 hours of daylight per day.
  • Grise Fiord the northernmost community in Nunavut has 24 hour a day daylight for four months.
  • There is 24 hours a day of darkness for four months in Grise Fiord.
  • The long cold winter begins in September. The ground is usually snow covered until June.
  • Arctic blizzards are snowstorms with very cold strong winds.
  • July and August are the summer months. Temperatures reach 12°C on Baffin Island.
  • Springtime is from March to June, with 18 hours a day of sunshine.
  • Temperatures in spring can range from -20 °C to -1 °C.


  • Mining: Meadow bank Gold Mine near Baker Lake is Nunavut's only operating mine.(2011)
  • Jericho Diamond Mine opened in 2006. It is dormant. There are plans to reopen the mine in 2011.
  • Tourism: People come to fish, hike, camp, hunt, to see the wildlife.
  • Fishing: whitefish and Arctic char
  • Factories : packaging raw fish and meat
    Native Crafts: Sale of Inuit arts and crafts (drawing, printmaking, carving, soapstone sculptures, weaving)
  • Agriculture: Some vegetables are grown in greenhouse gardens.


  • There are a few roads in Nunavut.
  • There is a "highway" which connects the mining community oNanisivik to Arctic Bay.
  • Each community has a harbor and an airport.
  • Iqaluit and Rankin Inlet have paved runways and are considered the gateways to the territory.
  • Items are brought in by barge or cargo plane.
  • The Canadian Coast Guard deploys icebreakers to the Arctic.
  • Ground transportation is limited to snowmobiles and all-terrain vehicles.
  • Snowmobiles are used in the winter and boats in the summer.
  • People drive four wheel drive vehicles (SUVs, jeeps and vans)


  • The Inuit believe in taking care of the land and the wildlife.
  • Wildlife includes muskoxen, caribou, polar bears, arctic foxes, whales and seals.
  • People eat the meat of muskoxen, caribou, whales and seals. They also rely on fish.
  • Traditional clothing is made from the furs of the muskoxen, polar bears, arctic foxes and seals.


- Michael Kusugak writes about the Inuit way of life.

- Simon Tookoome is an Inuit artist from the Baker Lake community.

- Susan Aglukark is a singer-songwriter and the first Inuit recording artist.

- Tanya Tagaq Gillis is an Inuit throat singer from Cambridge Bay.

- National Hockey League player Jordin Tootoo is from Rankin Inlet.

- In April, the people of Iqualuit celebrate the coming of spring. There are dog team and snowmobile races and contests (hunting, fishing, igloo-building, harpoon-throwing).

- INUKSUIT (stone towers) are found on the Arctic landscape.