Nunuvit.png "Our Land, Our Strength"Nunavut Coat of Arms.png



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Nunavut Purple Saxifrage.pngPurple Saxifrage Nunavit Rock Ptarmigan.png Rock Ptarmigan


Symbols and Emblems



NUNAVUT FACTS [1]

  • Nunavut became Canada's third territory on April 1, 1999.
  • It is the largest territory and makes up one fifth of the Canada's land mass.
  • Nunavut is made up of a mainland and many islands in the Arctic Ocean.
  • Baffin Island and Ellesmere Island are two large islands.
  • There are 28 communities.
  • There are some weather stations and military bases.
  • Nunavut's capital is Iqaluit.
  • Emblems:
  • Flower - Purple Saxifrage
  • Bird - Rock Ptarmigan
  • Mammal: Canadian Inuit Dog
  • Motto – Nunavut (our land), our strength. Nunavut means our land in the Inuit language of Inuktitut.

THE PEOPLE

  • Nunavut is the home to about 33, 200 people.(2010 Statistics Canada)
  • The Inuit are the aboriginal people who make up 85 percent of the population.
  • Inuktitut is the language of the Inuit.
  • Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English and French are the spoken languages.
  • The towns are very small and far apart.
  • On Baffin Island the Inuit still hunt, trap and fish for survival.
  • Groceries are very expensive because everything is flown in or brought in by barge.

PLACES

  • Most communities also have names in Inuktitut or Inuinnaqtun; such as: Whale Cove (Tikirarjuaq), Clyde River (Kangiqtugaapik), Cape Dorset (Kinngait); Arctic Bay (Ikpiarjuk) IQALUIT (ee-kha-lu-eet)
  • The largest community in Nunavut has a population more than 7250. (2010 estimate)
  • Canada's most northern capital became capital of Nunavut on April 1, 1999.
  • Iqaluit means the place of many fish.
  • Winter activities : dog sledding, snowmobiling, ice-fishing
  • Was an airbase in the 1940s
  • Once called Frobisher Bay
  • located on the mouth of Frobisher Bay, on the southeastern coast of Baffin Island

HISTORY

  • The first people were the Inuit.
  • They lived in small hunting and fishing camps.
  • Fur trading posts were set up in the 1700s.
  • In 1870, the territories belonged to Canada
  • Inuit way of life changed. They forgot their native traditions.
  • The Canadian government urged the Inuit to settle in communities.
  • The land which is now Nunavut was once part of the Northwest Territories.
  • The Inuit requested their own territory with its own government.
  • The territory of Nunavut was created on April 1, 1999.

LAND AND WATER

  • The land and water are frozen most of the year.
  • The Arctic waters are covered with ice floes.
  • Icebergs break off from the glaciers and fall into the sea.
  • The land is covered with sheets of ice, water pools and rivers.
  • In winter you can't tell where the land ends and the sea begins.
  • There are also mountains and tundra.
  • Moss, tough grasses and small willow shrubs grow on the tundra.
  • Ellesmere Island National Park Reserve is Canada's most northern park.
  • The island is a polar desert with very little snowfall.

CLIMATE

  • Temperature in Iqaluit in January is -30°C and 15°C in July.
  • In Iqaluit there are nearly 24 hours of daylight per day in June.
  • In December there are 6 hours of daylight per day.
  • Grise Fiord the northernmost community in Nunavut has 24 hour a day daylight for four months.
  • There is 24 hours a day of darkness for four months in Grise Fiord.
  • The long cold winter begins in September. The ground is usually snow covered until June.
  • Arctic blizzards are snowstorms with very cold strong winds.
  • July and August are the summer months. Temperatures reach 12°C on Baffin Island.
  • Springtime is from March to June, with 18 hours a day of sunshine.
  • Temperatures in spring can range from -20 °C to -1 °C.


INDUSTRY/ECONOMY

  • Mining: Meadow bank Gold Mine near Baker Lake is Nunavut's only operating mine.(2011)
  • Jericho Diamond Mine opened in 2006. It is dormant. There are plans to reopen the mine in 2011.
  • Tourism: People come to fish, hike, camp, hunt, to see the wildlife.
  • Fishing: whitefish and Arctic char
  • Factories : packaging raw fish and meat
    Native Crafts: Sale of Inuit arts and crafts (drawing, printmaking, carving, soapstone sculptures, weaving)
  • Agriculture: Some vegetables are grown in greenhouse gardens.

TRANSPORTATION

  • There are a few roads in Nunavut.
  • There is a "highway" which connects the mining community oNanisivik to Arctic Bay.
  • Each community has a harbor and an airport.
  • Iqaluit and Rankin Inlet have paved runways and are considered the gateways to the territory.
  • Items are brought in by barge or cargo plane.
  • The Canadian Coast Guard deploys icebreakers to the Arctic.
  • Ground transportation is limited to snowmobiles and all-terrain vehicles.
  • Snowmobiles are used in the winter and boats in the summer.
  • People drive four wheel drive vehicles (SUVs, jeeps and vans)

WILDLIFE

  • The Inuit believe in taking care of the land and the wildlife.
  • Wildlife includes muskoxen, caribou, polar bears, arctic foxes, whales and seals.
  • People eat the meat of muskoxen, caribou, whales and seals. They also rely on fish.
  • Traditional clothing is made from the furs of the muskoxen, polar bears, arctic foxes and seals.

PEOPLE AND PLACES

- Michael Kusugak writes about the Inuit way of life.

- Simon Tookoome is an Inuit artist from the Baker Lake community.

- Susan Aglukark is a singer-songwriter and the first Inuit recording artist.

- Tanya Tagaq Gillis is an Inuit throat singer from Cambridge Bay.

- National Hockey League player Jordin Tootoo is from Rankin Inlet.

- In April, the people of Iqualuit celebrate the coming of spring. There are dog team and snowmobile races and contests (hunting, fishing, igloo-building, harpoon-throwing).

- INUKSUIT (stone towers) are found on the Arctic landscape.

[1] http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/canada/facts/nu.html