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Emblems and Symbols




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NOVA SCOTIA FACTS [1]
  • One of the four Atlantic provinces on the east coast of Canada
  • Second smallest province.
  • Prince Edward Island is the smallest.
  • Made up of the mainland, Cape Breton Island, and over 3800 coastal islands
  • Capital city and largest city is Halifax
  • Population of Halifax was 403,437 in 2010
  • Halifax is an international seaport and transportation center.
  • Symbols
    • Flower - the Mayflower
    • Tree -Red Spruce
    • Bird - Osprey
    • "Nova Scotia" means "New Scotland" in Latin.
    • Motto: " One defends and the other conquers"
THE PEOPLE
  • There were 942,500 people living in Nova Scotia in 2010.
  • Many people live in or close to Halifax.
  • Most of the communities are along the coast.
  • First people were the Micmacs (Mi'Kmaq).
  • European settlers came from Britain, Western Europe, and Southern Europe.
  • Over 80% of the population are of British ancestry
  • 18% of the population are of French ancestry
  • Other groups include German, Dutch, Poles, Ukrainian, Chinese, Scandinavian and native people.
  • Nova Scotia has Canada's oldest African-Canadian community.
HISTORY
  • The Vikings first visited around the year 990.
  • Explorer John Cabot came to Nova Scotia in 1497.
  • The first people were the Micmacs who hunted, fished, gathered plants and berries.
  • French settlers arrived in 1605 and built Port Royal.
  • The area was turned over to the British after a war.
  • French colonists were forced to leave.
  • Some went back to France while others went to the U.S.
  • Later, settlers came from England, Germany, and Scotland.
  • In 1783, the United Empire Loyalists came from the United States.
  • In 1784, Nova Scotia was partitioned and the colonies of New Brunswick and Cape Breton Island were created.
  • In 1820, Cape Breton Island became part of Nova Scotia again.
  • In 1867, Nova Scotia became a part of the Dominion of Canada.
CLIMATE AND WEATHER
  • Cool dry air from the interior mixes with warmer wet air over the sea.
  • Areas along the coast are milder and wetter than the areas inland.
  • The Atlantic coast is foggy, especially in the spring.
  • There are heavy rains and stormy weather in the fall.
  • The province has experienced hurricanes in the late summer.
WATER AND LAND
  • The province is almost surrounded by water.
  • The Atlantic Ocean is to the south and east.
  • Nova Scotia and New Brunswick are connected by a small land bridge, the Isthmus of Chignecto.
  • The Bay of Fundy stretches between Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
  • The Bay of Fundy has world's highest tides.
  • Much of the province is part of the Appalachian Region.
  • The province is covered with forests and lakes.
  • There are 3000 small lakes.
  • There are almost 7500 km of rocky coastline.
  • There are salt marshes and ice-free deep water harbors along the coast.
  • The Strait of Canso (1.2 km wide) separates the mainland of Nova Scotia from Cape Breton Island.
  • The Canso Causeway is a road which connects the island to the mainland.
RESOURCES/INDUSTRY
  • Major Industries: Coal mining, fishing and fish processing
  • Fishing: Fishing is the oldest and most important natural resource.
    • Haddock and cod were once caught in great numbers.
    • Scallops, crabs, clams, cod, haddock, pollock, herring and salmon are caught in the waters off Nova Scotia.
    • Lobsters from N.S. are shipped all across Canada.
    • There are about 249 fish processing plants.
    • Mining: The main mineral is coal, which is used to make electricity.
    • Energy: Refineries turn oil into gasoline and other products.
    • Timber: Both hardwood and softwood forests cover much of the province.
      • Forest products include lumber, pulp and paper and Christmas trees.
      • There are three pulp and paper mills and several hundred sawmills.
      • Gypsum: Nova Scotia is among the leading producers of gypsum in the world. Gypsum is used in the manufacture of wallboard.
      • Farming: Apples, blueberries, pears and strawberries are grown in the Annapolis Valley.
PEOPLE and PLACES
  • Anne Murray, singer and songwriter from Springhill
  • Rita MacNeil, signer
  • Ashley MacIssac, musician
  • Marconi sent the first official west-to-east wireless ( radio) message across the Atlantic Ocean from Table Head, Cape Breton Island in 1902.
  • A. Gesner made kerosene in the 1850s. The kerosene was burned in lamps and lanterns. He is known as the Father of the Petroleum Industry.
  • Thomas Haliburton was a famous writer who wrote books about a character named Sam Slick.
  • Joshua Slocum was the first to sail alone around the world in the 1890s.
  • In the 1920s and 1930s the Bluenose schooner was famous for winning international races.
  • Nova Scotia is called "Canada's ocean playground"
  • Fishing villages and lighthouses along the coastline attract tourists.
  • Peggy's Cove is a well-known fishing village with a lighthouse.
  • The Citadel is a fort built (1856) on a hill overlooking Halifax Harbor.
  • Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site (Cape Breton Island) has a museum displaying his inventions. He is the inventor of the telephone.
  • The Fortress of Louisbourg (Cape Breton Island) is the largest reconstructed 18th-century French fortified town in North America.
  • Bras d'Or lake (Cape Breton Island) is a saltwater lake that is a nesting site of the endangered bald eagle.



[1] http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/canada/facts/ns.html