Essential Question: How did the search for religious freedom and other factors help form the colonies of New England?

13 Colonies Map.png New England Colonies.png

Task #1: Watch the following video and take notes of key details.

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Task #2: Read, listen and copy the new words for this unit.

Task #3: Read the following charts and takes notes.

Natural Resources

There were many rivers in New England, but few rivers were large enough to have ships sail on them.
The land was very rocky or too sandy to farm, so people had to turn to the forests and ocean for resources.
Forests provided excellent sources of wood needed to build homes and ships.
The ocean was an excellent source of fish for food and whales for oil.
The climate was hard with long winters that were much colder than what the pilgrims had experienced in England.

Other Facts

Ratio Men to Women
Many people died when they first came to New England. Of those who survived, who were the first generation of New Englanders, there were 3 men for every 2 women. Women tended to have many children, losing some to diseases.
Health Conditions
New England had very cold winters so many people did not want to live there. As a result, those who did were less exposed to diseases and tended to live longer.
Live Expectancy
Most people in New England lived long lives, averaging between 65 and 70 years. This was 15 to 20 years longer than in England. This was the first society in history in which grandparents were common.
Most New Englanders lived on small farms in villages and outside towns.
The soil in New England was very rocky or too sandy to farm. As a result, 90 to 95% of the farms could only produce enough crops for the families themselves. There were very few crops to export.

Reasons for Coming

Freedom of Religion
Many colonists came for religious freedom. In England, people could be punished for not belonging to the Church of England.
Political Freedom
Many colonists came to escape being ruled by the King. They wanted to rule themselves.
Economic Reasons
Many colonists came looking for better opportunities. Some wanted to find riches like gold.
Task #4: What was the impact of European settlers on Native American tribes who already lived in New England? Read the following and take notes.

Tribes of New England1620
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Tribal Names
Massachusetts, Narraganset, Wampanoag, Nipmuck, Patuxet, Chappaquiddik, Mashpeg and the Nauset

Impact on Native Americans
(Small Pox)
From the very beginning, the English colonists brought diseases to the native tribes. By 1620, 90% of the tribes who lived on the coasts had died. The native people had no resistance to diseases like small pox. Entire tribes died within a few days.
Diseases Carried by Fleas
For many centuries, historians have wondered why so many native tribes died so quickly after the Europeans arrived. In 2010, scientists at the Center of Disease Control published a report with a new idea on what actually happened. Here is a summary:
Every ship that arrived in New England carried rats in the cargo hold of the ship. These rats carried fleas on their bodies. When the rats left the ships and interacted with the animals on the land, the fleas jumped from one animal to the other. Inside the fleas were bacteria that entered the bodies of the fur animals, infecting them with disease. The bacteria also contaminated the water, mud and soil through the animals' urine. When the native people killed these fur animals, they skinned them, handled the fur and then traded with fur traders. The bacteria within the fur animals then entered the bodies of the native people. When the native people planted and harvested crops from the contaminated soil, they became infected. Once in the bodies of the native people, the bacteria killed them very quickly. Here's an image that helps explain how this happened.
The report is attached below.

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The Pequot War

By 1631, many tribes had completely died off or had only a few survivors. The Massachusetts tribe had had more than 20,000 members. Now in 1631, there were only about 750. This tribe decided to convert to Christianity and become allied with the colonists for protection. But as the colonists moved west, they took over land that had belonged to other tribes. In the 1630's, the most powerful tribe, the Pequots, went to war against the colonists, trying to hold on to their tribal lands. In 1636, English settlers accused the Pequots of attacking ships and murdering sailors. The settlers burned a Pequot settlement on Block Island. The Pequots retaliated and killed 30 settlers. Now a combined group of Puritans, Narragansett and Mohegan tribes surrounded and set fire to the main Pequot village on the Mystic River. More than 300 Pequot people died by fire, and those who escaped the fire were hacked to death. Those who survived where sent to the Caribbean to become slaves. About 800 of the 3500 Pequot were killed in the Pequot War.

Task #5 - Create a StoryKit on the New England Colonies. Use your research notes to help you craft your sentences.
Directions: Create a five slide StoryKit on the New England Colonies. Include information about the founder, the reason they came and the key details you've chosen.
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CLick on the image to access the website for more details.

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