external image manitoba.gif "Glorious and Free" Manitoba Coat of Arms.png


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Manitoba Prairie Crocus.png Great Grey Owl.png White spruce.png Manitoba Bison.png Walleye.png

Symbols & Emblems




MANITOBA FACTS [1]
  • Manitoba is one of the three Prairie Provinces in Canada.
  • It is located in the center of Canada.
    • East: Ontario
    • West: Saskatchewan
    • North Nunavut and Hudson Bay
    • South: United States
    • "Manitoba" may come from the Cree words "Manitou Bou" meaning "strait of the Great Spirit".
    • The name may also come from the Assiniboine words "Mini" and "Tobow" meaning "Lake of the Prairie".
    • About 60% of the people live in the capital city of Winnipeg and its suburbs.
    • The second largest city is Brandon.
    • Symbols:
      • Flower-Prairie Crocus
      • Tree-White Spruce
      • Bird-Great Gray Owl
      • Motto: "Glorious and Free"
THE PEOPLE
  • Manitoba is the home of 1.2 million people in 2010.
  • Winnipeg is the largest city with about 684,000 people (2010).
  • Manitoba is home to many Métis and native peoples.
  • The native people include Assiniboine and Saulteaux, Northern, Woodland, and Swampy Cree; Chipewyan; and Inuit.
  • Other ethnic backgrounds include Scottish, English, German, Ukrainian, French, Aboriginal, Dutch, and Poles.
CLIMATE
  • In the winter, there are often blizzards with strong winds and extreme cold temperatures.
  • Polar air masses bring very cold air from the Arctic Ocean.
  • Winnipeg has the coldest winters of any major city in Canada.
HISTORY
  • The first people to live in Manitoba were the Assiniboine, Cree, Saulteaux, Chipewyan, and Ojibwa.
  • They followed herds of bison and caribou.
  • Early explorers arrived through Hudson Bay in northern Manitoba.
  • The Hudson's Bay Company, formed in 1670, set up fur trading posts along the rivers.
  • The early European settlers were the British and French.
  • The first British settlement was Red River.
  • Louis Riel (1844-1885) was an influential Métis leader.
  • Riel and his people were concerned about the settlers taking over their land.
  • Manitoba became Canada's fifth province in 1870.
  • Red River Cart trails were the first roads.
  • The railway brought thousands of settlers from eastern Canada and from all over the world.
  • Many settlers came from Ukraine and Iceland.
LAND and WATER
  • Manitoba is known as the land of 100,000 lakes.
  • Lake Winnipeg, Lake Winnipegosis and Lake Manitoba are three large lakes.
  • Lake Winnipeg is the third largest lake in Canada.
  • The Churchill River, Nelson River and Hayes River flow into Hudson Bay in northern Manitoba.
  • The Assiniboine, Souris, Winnipeg, and Red Rivers in southern Manitoba drain into Lake Winnipeg.
  • Forests of pine, hemlock and birch cover northern Manitoba.
  • The prairie region is in the southern part of the province.
RESOURCES & INDUSTRIES
  • Mining: Manitoba lies in the area of Canada known as the Canadian Shield.
    • Minerals and metals, such as nickel, gold, copper, zinc, cobalt, gypsum are found in the Canadian Shield.
    • Manitoba is a world leader in the production of nickel.
    • Fishing: The large lakes are home to many species of fresh water
fish, such as whitefish, pike, walleye, pickerel, trout, and bass.
  • Timber: 57% of Manitoba is covered by forest and wooded areas.
  • Energy: Hydroelectric power is a very important industry.
    • Manitoba sells hydroelectric power to other provinces and to the United States.
    • Agriculture: There are different types of farms in southern Manitoba.
      • Farmland is used for growing wheat.
      • Farmers also grow canola, sunflowers, oats, rye, flax, buckwheat and field peas. These crops are made into cereal and oil products.
      • Dairy & Livestock: There are over 500 dairy farms.
        • There are also livestock farms.
        • Manufacturing: Farm equipment, buses, clothing, furniture, food processing, aerospace and transportation are other industries.
|| One-third of the
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PLACES
  • The Royal Canadian Mint (where coins are made) is in Winnipeg.
  • The Viking at Gimli is a giant statue honoring the ancestors of the Icelandic people.
  • The town of Churchill in northern Manitoba is called "the polar bear capital of the world". Polar bears make their dens near the town.
  • Wapusk National Park (Wapusk is a Cree word meaning "white bear") located in Northern Manitoba protects one of the world's largest known polar bear denning areas.
  • Many festivals are held in Manitoba, including the Ukrainian Festival (Dauphin) and Icelandic Festival (Gimli).

PEOPLE
  • Gabrielle Roy (1909-1983) - novelist
  • Margaret Laurence (1926-1987) – novelist
  • Nellie McClung (1873-1951) - fought for the rights of women
  • Jackson Beardy (1944-1984) - Cree artist
  • Louis Riel (1844–85) - Founding Father of Manitoba and leader of the Métis rebellions of 1870 and 1885
  • Bachman-Turner Overdrive and The Guess Who - two Canadian rock bands from Winnipeg
  • Fred Penner (1946 - ?) - musician, children's entertainer



[1] http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/canada/facts/mb.html