Welcome!

You've chosen to explore the lives of children who worked in the textile mills in America in the late 1800's and early 1900's. You will complete tasks related to the images and websites linked on this page. Bring your white Social Studies/Technology binder to the computer labs and our classroom. Take notes in the new "Child Labor" section in your binder. Read, watch the videos, take notes, think about what you've read and seen, reflect on how this information makes you feel and keep your notes together. You will create a final product that reflects what you've learned.

Task #1: Graphic Organizer

Look closely at the image below. Notice that there are four key topics you will explore. They are (1) Economics, (2) Geography, (3) Social Forces, (4) Reform. Read the questions in each topic. Answer these questions. Write an essay about each topic. Tech Tip: Remember to pinch and stretch on your iPad to expand the image.
Textile Factories.png


Task # 2: Gathering Evidence from Images - Eyewitness Account

Directions: Click on the image and read Lewis Hine's comments. Then complete the 5W +1W Chart.
Doffer Boys .jpg
Doffer Boys in North Carolina, 1908
Photograph by Lewis Wickes Hine. Click on the image to access the Library of Congress entry.
5W+1H Table pix.png


Task #3: Gathering Evidence from Videos
Directions: Watch the video completely once. Then watch it again, pausing and taking notes. Answer these questions: (1) Why did families in Georgia leave their farms? (2) Why did families put their children to work in the mills? (3) What hazards did the children face? (4) Why did parents protest when laws were passed making attending school mandatory? (5) Reflect and comment to the blog.
Video Child Labor in the Mills Georgia.png
Click to access the video



Task #4 - Word Work - Jobs and Descriptions (All Industries) Directions: Read, listen and copy the following words into your white binder. Pay close attention to the places where these children worked.



Task #5 - Gathering Evidence from Persuasive Writing - "My Cotton Dress" by Patrick J. Hall

Source: "the Child Labor Bulletin, August, 1914, National Child Labor Committee, The Ohio State University Library Collections, also available on archive.org.

Directions: Using the handout "My Cotton Dress" Questions, click on the image below and read the story. Then reread the story, answering the questions as you go along. Reflect on the final question, and post your comments to the blog.


My Cotton Dress.png
My Cotton Dress Questions Pix.png




Task #6 - Gathering Evidence from Charts & Graphs - Salary Comparison

Directions: Copy the data provided in this chart into your white binder. (1) Create a bar graph showing the differences in wages for each group by year. (2) Create a bar graph showing how wages changed over time for one group. (3) In 1889, which group made the most money? Which group made the least? (4) In 1905, how had the wages of men changed? (5) In 1925, why is there no data for children? Post your comments to the blog.
Pay Scale Glencoe Mill, North Carolina.png

Task #7 - Gathering Evidence from First Person Accounts - Injuries in a Textile Mill

Directions: Click on the widget below and read "Flora's Diary". What happened to Flora? Post your comments to the blog.
From Flora's Diary













Task #8 : Write a poem through the eyes of the child in this image

The Outside World, NC.jpg
The Outside World, Lewis Wickes Hine

Task #9 : Summarize Your Research


Now that you've gathered information, go back to the graphic organizer and answer all the questions. Have you missed any? Be sure to check the section on "Reform". Check other sources for missing data. Begin to draft your essay.