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Essential Question: How Do Geography, History and Culture Shape a Community?


1. What are the ecological regions of China?
  • mountains and plateaus
  • rivers (Yellow and Yangtze)
  • rural and urban area
  • desert, forests, floodplain, grasslands, mountainous steppe, coastline
  • impact of climate on settlement patterns (current and ancient)
  • vegetation zones
  • Ancient (Grand Canal, The Great Wall, Silk Roads)
  • Environment challenges
2. How do these landforms affect where people live in China?

  1. What are some of the needs and wants of the people?
  2. What are some goods and services (jobs) that make the economy thrive?
  3. What are some imports and exports that the economy depends on?
  4. What is the role of consumers and producers in the economy?
  5. What does the economy have in a large supply?
  6. What are some of the products (things) the economy demands?
  7. What is the government like?
  8. What type of money (currency) is used?

Fast Facts on China

Official Name: People’s Republic of China

Location: Eastern Asia

  • Capital City: Beijing

  • Largest City: Shanghai

  • Size: 3,691,502 square miles (Three million, six hundred ninety one thousand, five hundred and two square miles)


  • Sea Borders

    • Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea

  • Country Borders

    • Eastern Border: Russia and North Korea

    • Northern Border: Russia and Mongolia

    • Western Border: Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Pakistan, and 

    • Southern Border: India, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam


Himalayan Mountains.png Himalayan Mountains - The Roof of the World

Mount Everest.png Mount Everest
Plateau of Tibet.pngPlateau of Tibetan Plateau - 13,124 feet above sea level

Kunlun Mountains.png Kunlun Mountain Range

Tian Shan Mountains.png Tian Shan Mountains

Taklamakan Desert.png Taklamakan Desert
Gobi Desert.png The Gobi Desert
China's Coastal Plains.png Coastal Plains - 90% of its people live here!
Yellow River.png The Yellow River - named for its yellow silt

Yangtze River.png The Yangtze River - China's Water Highway


  • Official Language: Mandarin Chinese

  • Official Written Language: Ideographs

  • Ethnic Groups

    • Han Chinese - 93% of the total population belong to this group.

    • 55 ethnic minorities make up the rest.

  • Population (2012): 1,339,724,852 (One billion, three hundred thirty nine million, seven hundred twenty four thousand, eight hundred fifty two people as of 2012)

  • Main Religions:Buddhism. Confucianism. Taoism, ChristianityTaoism and Tibetan Buddhism

  • Education: Children must go to school for at least nine years, starting at age 6 or 7.

  • Transportation: Most people travel on bicycles, motorcycles, city buses or trains.


  • Agriculture: almost 50% of the population work raising crops and livestock

  • Products: rice, wheat, potatoes, corn, peanuts, millet, 
barley, apples, sweet potatoes, sorghum, and soybeans.

  • Cash Crops: Cotton, tobacco, tea, oil seeds, silk, ramie, 
jute, hemp, sugarcane, and sugar beets

  • Livestock: Beef, veal, mutton, lamb, pork, chicken, fish and eggs

  • Minerals: Coal, oil, tungsten, antimony, tin, magnesium, molybdenum, mercury, manganese, barite, salt, antimony, magnesium, tin, tungsten, zinc, gold, lead ore, uranium, aluminum, vanadium, magnetite, copper, fluorite, nickel, asbestos, phosphate rock, pyrite, and sulfur.

Major Industrial Products

  • textiles

  • chemicals

  • fertilizers

  • machinery

  • armaments

  • processed foods

  • iron and steel

  • building materials

  • plastics

  • toys

  • electronics

  • telecommunications equipment

  • automobiles

  • rail cars and locomotives

  • ships

  • aircraft

  • commercial space launch 

  • space satellites

Heavy Industry

  • iron and steel

  • brick

  • tile

  • cement

  • food-
processing plants

  • textile centers