Interior of a Smithy by Gabriel Metsu.jpg
Interior of a Smithy by Gabriel Metsu, National Gallery London


Objective: Describe the purpose of blacksmiths in the New Amsterdam colony and explain how they contributed to daily life.


Essential Question: How did blacksmiths contribute to the growth and success of the colony?


Common Core Standards:
RS 7.2 Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
RS 7.4 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary specific to domains related to history/social studies.
WS 7.2 Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events, scientific procedures/ experiments, or technical processes.
WS 7.9 Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research.

Historical Background:

Everything the people of New Amsterdam used had to be made by hand. There were no machines back then. The blacksmith was a man who made tools for the colony. He worked with a large fire, called a forge, that heated metals until they were soft. The blacksmith then shaped the metal into tools for the farm, for horses and even for the home.

It was a noisy, smoky job!

Clang! Clang!

Task: Look closely at this image, painted by Gabriel Metsu, called "Interior of a Smithy".

1. Name the objects can you identify.

3. Click on the Quizlet below to learn more about the tools a blacksmith (smithy) used.