Timeline

March 15, 1744 - October 18, 1748 - King George's War

The warm-up to the French and Indian War between France and England, also fought for domination over North America. Ends with the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle and no clear victor.


1752 - 1753 - Agitation Grows

Tension grows between France and England over competing land and trading claims. Minor skirmishes break out, particularly in rural areas.


November - December 1753 - Determining Message

George Washington carries Virginia's ultimatum over French encroachment to Captain Legardeur de Saint-Pierre at Riviere aux Boeufs. The French commander, Captain Legardeur, rejects it.


May 28, 1754 - The First Battle

Washington defeats the French in a surprise attack. His troops retreat to Great Meadows and build Fort Necessity.


July 3, 1754 - The Battle for Fort Necessity

Washington loses. The French take Fort Necessity.


July 17, 1754 - Washington's Resignation

Blamed for Fort Necessity, Washington resigns. He will later return as a volunteer under British authority.


June 17, 1755: Acadia/Nova Scotia Taken

The British seize Acadia (Nova Scotia) and evict all French settlers from their homes. The Acadians eventually settle in bayous of Louisiana.


July 9, 1755 - The Battle of the Wilderness

British General Braddock's forces are defeated near Fort Duquesne in Pennsylvania, leaving the backwoods of British territory undefended.


September 9, 1755 - The Battle of Lake George

British Colonel William Johnson's forces win, making Johnson the first British hero of the war.


May 8-9, 1756 - Declarations of War

Great Britain declares war on France. France declares war on Great Britain.


August 14, 1756 - Battle of Fort Oswego

The French capture this fort on the banks of the Great Lakes.


August 8, 1757: The Battle of Fort William Henry

The commander-in-chief of the French forces, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm takes Fort William Henry. The infamous massacre occurs, later dramatized in James Fenimore Cooper's The Last of the Mohicans.


July 8, 1758: The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga

The French take Fort Ticonderoga.

July 26, 1758: The Battle of Louisbourg

The British seize the town of Louisbourg, opening the route to Canada.


August 27, 1758: The Battle of Fort Frontenac

The French surrender this fort on Lake Ontario, effectively destroying their ability to communicate with their troops in the Ohio Valley.


October 21, 1758: British/Indian Peace

The British make peace with the Iroquois, Shawnee, and Delaware Indians.


November 26, 1758: The Battle of Fort Duquesne

The British recapture Fort Duquesne. It is renamed "Pittsburgh'.


May 1, 1759 - Battle of Guadeloupe

The British capture the French island of Guadeloupe in the Caribbean


June 26, 1759 - The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga

The British take Fort Ticonderoga


July 25, 1759 - Battles of Fort Niagara and Fort Crown Point

The British take Fort Niagara; the French abandon Crown Point. After these two victories, the British control the entire western frontier.


September 13, 1759 - Battle of Quebec

The British win the decisive Battle of Quebec. Generals Montcalm and Wolfe, the commanding generals of both armies, both die in battle.


May 16, 1760 - French Siege of Quebec

The city of Quebec falls the British.


September 8, 1760 - Battle of Montreal

City of Montreal falls to the British. Letters are signed finishing the surrender of Canada.


September 15, 1760 - Fighting Ends

The functional end of the war The British flag is raised over Detroit, effectively ending the war.


1761 - British Peace with the Cherokee

The British make peace with the Cherokee Indians.


September 18, 1762 - Battle for Newfoundland

French attempt to retake Newfoundland, They lose.


February 10, 1763 - Treaty of Paris

All French possessions east of the Mississippi, except New Orleans, are given to the British. All French possessions west of the Mississippi are given to the Spanish. France regains Martinique, Guadeloupe and St. Lucia.


April 27, 1763 - Pontiac's Wars

Pontiac, the Ottowa Chief, proposes a coalition of Ottowas, Potawatomies and Hurons for the purpose of attacking Detroit.


May 9, 1763 - The Battle of Detroit

Pontiac's forces lay siege to Detroit. That summer, his allies destroy forts at Venango, Le Boeuf and Presque Isle.


July 1763 - Smallpox Epidemic

Men of the garrison at Fort Pitt infect besieging chiefs with blankets from the smallpox hospital. Soon faced with an epidemic, the Indians retreat.


October 31, 1763 - Pontiac's Surrender

Pontiac surrenders at Detroit. Indian power in the Ohio Valley is broken.