external image Alberta_240-animated-flag-gifs.gif "Strong and Free" Alberta Coat of Arms.png

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Alberta bird Lodge Pole Pine 2.pngwild Rose 2.pngRocky Mt Bighorn Sheep.png Bull Trout.png

Symbols & Emblems


FACTS ABOUT ALBERTA, CANADA[1]
  • Alberta is one of the three Prairie Provinces.
  • It is the fourth largest province.
    • East: Saskatchewan
    • West: British Columbia
    • North: Northwest Territories
    • South: The state of Montana in the United States
  • Alberta was named after Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, fourth daughter of Queen Victoria.
  • Edmonton (capital city) and Calgary are the largest cities.
  • Emblems
    • Flower - Wild Rose
    • Tree – Lodge Pole Pine
    • Bird - Great Horned Owl
    • Mammal - Rocky Mountain Bighorn Sheep
    • Fish - Bull Trout
  • Motto - "strong and free".
  • Alberta is known as Canada's "Energy Province".


THE PEOPLE
  • Alberta is home to over 3.7 million people (July, 2010)
  • The largest cities are Edmonton (capital) and Calgary.
  • Two-thirds of Albertans live in these two cities.
  • Immigrants came from Britain, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, the East and Southeast Asia.
  • Ethnic origins: British (44 percent), German, Ukrainian, French, Aboriginal, Scandinavian, Dutch, Polish, Chinese and many other countries
  • About one-half of the Aboriginal population resides in urban areas.
  • They also live in over 100 First Nation communities and 8 Métis settlements.

HISTORY
  • The first people settled in the area about 8000 years ago.
  • In the woodland areas, the Woodland Cree and Chipewyan tribes hunted moose, caribou and deer, fished and gathered plants and berries.
  • They used bark canoes to travel up and down the rivers and streams.
  • On the plains, the Blackfoot, Blood, and Peigan tribes hunted the bison and lived in tipis.
  • Anthony Henday (European explorer/fur trader) came to Alberta in 1754.
  • Fur traders built trading posts on the Athabasca River and North Saskatchewan River.
  • Forts were built to keep law and order.
  • The First Nations traded furs for guns, blankets and metal goods.
  • In 1874, the Northwest Mounted Police (NWMP) established their first post in Alberta at Fort Macleod.
  • Alberta grew when the railroad was built in 1883.
  • Early settlers were ranchers from England and the United States.
  • Immigrants came from Ukraine, Germany, Romania and many parts of Europe to farm.
  • Alberta became a province on September 1, 1905.


LAND AND WATER
  • The main rivers are the Peace River, North and South Saskatchewan River, and Athabasca River.
  • There are ice fields in Banff and Jasper National Parks.
  • The ice fields help to fill the rivers.
  • There are five national parks - Banff, Jasper, Elk Island, Waterton Lakes, Wood Buffalo)
  • Banff National Park is the oldest national park in Canada.
  • A large mountain range (Rocky Mountains ) is along the western border.
  • The Badlands (dry, sandy, rocky area) are in southeastern Alberta.
  • Northern Alberta is covered with forests and muskeg.
  • The rest of the province is on a great plain or prairie.
  • Forests cover more than half of the province.
  • The highest point is Mt. Columbia (3747 meters).


CLIMATE
  • The foothills receive the most rainfall.
  • Warm, dry "Chinook" winds are produced when air funnels through the Rockies.
  • Chinook winds sweep down on southern Alberta and raise temperatures in the winter.
  • Cold Arctic air masses bring cool weather in the winter.


RESOURCES
  • Alberta has oil, natural gas, and coal.
  • Oil was discovered at Leduc (near Edmonton) in 1947.
  • It is 70% of Canada's coal reserves.
  • Coal was first mined near Lethbridge in 1872.
  • There are nine major coal mines in the province.
  • The province is also the main producer of oil and natural gas in Canada.
  • Alberta has the world's second largest oil reserves.
  • Most of the oil reserves are found in Alberta's oil sands.
  • The province is the world’s third largest producer of natural gas.
  • Alberta sells the oil, natural gas and coal to other provinces and other countries.
  • There are four petrochemical plants. Some products made include hard hats, computer keys, and detergents.
  • Other resources include sulfur, silica sand, potash, quartz, thick salt deposits, clay and limestone.
  • Forests cover over half of Alberta.
  • There is good soil for growing crops like oats, canola and barley.
  • Alberta is the second largest agricultural producer in Canada.
  • The top five Agri-food exports (2008) were wheat, canola seed, beef, live cattle and pork.
  • Alberta is the only province to produce sugar from sugar beets.
  • There are many dairy farms and cattle ranches.
  • There are also poultry, hog and sheep farms.
  • Beef cattle are raised on ranches in the southern foothills.
  • Alberta is the largest cattle-producing province in Canada.


FAMOUS PLACES
  • The mountain scenery of Banff and Jasper national parks attracts thousands of tourists.
  • Calgary stampede has bull riding, calf roping and chuck wagon racing.
  • Wood Buffalo is the world’s second largest national park.
  • The park is home to the world’s largest free roaming herd of wood bison.
  • It is also the last natural nesting habitat of the rare whooping crane.
  • Dinosaur Provincial Park is in the badlands near Drumheller.
  • Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is the largest, oldest and best-preserved buffalo jump in the world.
  • Other historical sites are the Rocky Mountain House (fur trade) and the Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village.
  • A 9 m. high Ukrainian Easter egg is displayed at Vegreville, east of Edmonton.

FAMOUS PEOPLE

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Figure skater Kurt Browning (born in Caroline, Alberta) won four World Figure Skating Championships











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  • Tantoo Cardinal (born in Fort McMurray) is a Canadian film and television actress, who starred in "Dances with Wolves".
Jann Arden, Singer Alberta.png
  • Jann Arden, Singer and songwriter was born here.
K.D. Lang, singer, Alberta.png
  • k.d.lang, Singer and songwriter was born here.


[1] http://www.aitc.sk.ca/saskschools/canada/facts/ab.html